Building Their Own Waldos
Emerson's First Biographers and the Politics of Life-writing in the Gilded AgeeBook - 2011
By the end of the nineteenth century, Ralph Waldo Emerson was well on his way to becoming the OC Wisest AmericanOCO and the OC Sage of Concord, OCO a literary celebrity and a national icon. With that fame came what Robert Habich describes as a blandly sanctified version of Emerson held widely by the reading public. "Building Their Own Waldos" sets out to understand the dilemma faced by EmersonOCOs early biographers: how to represent a figure whose subversive individualism had been eclipsed by his celebrity, making him less a representative of his age than a caricature of it.aDrawing on never-before-published letters, diaries, drafts, business records, and private documents, Habich explores the making of a cultural hero through the stories of EmersonOCOs first biographersOCo George Willis Cooke, a minister most recently from Indianapolis who considered himself a disciple; the English reformer and newspaper mogul Alexander Ireland, a friend for half a century; Moncure D. Conway, a Southern abolitionist then residing in London, who called Emerson his OC spiritual father and intellectual teacherOCO; the poet and medical professor Oliver Wendell Holmes, with Emerson a member of BostonOCOs gathering of literary elite, the Saturday Club; James Elliot Cabot, the familyOCOs authorized biographer, an architect and amateur philosopher with unlimited access to EmersonOCOs unpublished papers; and EmersonOCOs son Edward, a physician and painter whose father had passed over him as literary executor in favor of Cabot.aJust as their biographies reveal a complex, socially engaged Emerson, so too do the biographersOCO own stories illustrate the real-world perils, challenges, and motives of life-writing in the late nineteenth century, when biographers were routinely vilified as ghoulish and disreputable and biography as a genre underwent a profound redefinition. "Building Their Own Waldos" is at once a revealing look at EmersonOCOs constructed reputation, a case study in the rewards and dangers of Victorian life-writing, and the story of six authors struggling amidst personal misfortunes and shifting expectations to capture the elusive character of AmericaOCOs OC representative man, OCO as they knew him and as they needed him to be.