Social Networks, Delinquency, and Gang Membership

Social Networks, Delinquency, and Gang Membership

Using A Neighborhood Framework to Examine the Influence of Network Composition and Structure in A Latino Community

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This study employed a social network framework to understand the patterns of relations among youth in a predominantly Latino neighborhood and the nature of links binding youth to groups and their social contexts. Three main research questions guided the study: (1) Are network/structural variables important predictors of delinquency abd gang membership (beyond the traditional set of risk factors) across ego networks? (2) What are the properties and characteristics of the socioeconomic (i.e., neighborhood-based) network as defined by overlapping egocentric networks? How do these characteristics relate to or influence delinquency and gang membership? and (3) How does an individual's position and connectedness within the whole network relate to his/her probability of being involved in delinquent behavior at the individual level? In other words, we determined how one's position at the socioeconomic level relates to behaviors measured and modeled at the egocentric level and whether socioeconomic level measures (e.g. centrality) improve our understanding of individual behavior. By examining two levels of social processes for the unit of analysis (individual and group relationships) through both egocentric and socioeconomic network analysis, and extending our network analysis to include different types of relationships (e.g. friend, relative, neighbor), we are able to examine multiple research questions that have not yet been addressed in the delinquency and gang literature.
Publisher: Washington, D.C. : The Urban Institute ; Philadelphia, PA : Temple Department of Criminal Justice, 2012.
Copyright Date: ©2012.
Characteristics: 1 online resource (viii, 190 pages, 80 unnumbered pages) : color illustrations, forms


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