Archaeological Heritage Management in the Dutch Caribbean
Caribbean archaeological heritage is threatened by natural impacts but also increasingly by economic developments, often resulting from the tourist industry. The continuous construction of specific projects for tourists, accompanied by illegal practices such as looting and sand mining, have major impacts on the region''s archaeological heritage. The geopolitical and cultural diversity of the Caribbean, the general lack of awareness of island histories and multiple stakeholders involved in the preservation process, have in many cases slowed down the effective enforcement of regulations and heritage legislation.
The development of archaeological heritage management (AHM) in the Dutch Caribbean islands started slowly in the early years of their semi-autonomy within the Kingdom of the Netherlands from 1954 onwards. With the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles on 10 October 2010, Cura#65533;ao and St. Martin obtained a more autonomous status within the Kingdom, similar to Aruba has since 1986. Simultaneously, Bonaire, Saba and St. Eustatius became special overseas municipalities of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Consequently, these islands now fall under Dutch regulations for cultural resource management. Irrespective of these geopolitical changes, AHM has been developing on the six islands over the past 25 years, partly because of the active role of localized island-specific archaeological institutions.
This volume provides a background to the history of archaeological research in the Dutch Caribbean and compiles a number of compliance archaeology projects that have been carried out under and in the spirit of the Valetta Treaty. In addition, with its discussion of the successful creation of localized community-based archaeological heritage associations serving as an excellent model for other island communities in the Caribbean, this volume represents a unique contribution to AHM in a wider regional perspective.
Introduction: the current status of archaeological heritage management (AHM) in the Dutch Caribbean Corinne L. Hofman and Jay B. Haviser
A review of archaeological research in the Dutch Caribbean Jay B. Haviser and Corinne L. Hofman
Achieving sustainable Archaeological Heritage Management in Aruba Raymundo A.C.F. Dijkhoff and Marlene S. Linville
Heritage Management on Bonaire and Cura#65533;ao: a step towards an integral approach to heritage Richenel Ansano and Claudia T. Kraan
Heritage Management and the Public Sphere: doing archaeology on Saba Ryan Espersen
Skeletons in the closet: Future avenues for the curation of archaeological human skeletal remains in the Dutch Caribbean and the region as a whole. Hayley L. Mickleburgh
Community Archaeology as an essential element for successful Heritage Management Jay B. Haviser
Community engagement, local identity and museums: A review of past heritage initiatives and recent developments on the island of Saba Helena Boehm
Amateur archaeological research on Cura#65533;ao Fran#65533;ois van der Hoeven and Fred M. Chumaceiro
Archaeological assessment in compliance with the Valetta Treaty: Spanish Water, Cura#65533;ao Menno L.P. Hoogland and Corinne L. Hofman
Early Valetta Treaty application at Slagbaai-Gotomeer, Bonaire Jay B. Haviser
Archaeological research at Bethlehem, St. Maarten: an early Valetta Treaty project in the Dutch Windward Islands Menno L.P. Hoogland, Corinne L. Hofman and R. Grant Gilmore III
"An emporium for all the world": commercial archaeology in Lower Town, St. Eustatius Ruud Stelten
Three early examples of Valetta Treaty application in the Dutch Windward Islands Jay B. Haviser
An archaeological assessment of Cul-de-Sac (The Farm), St. Eustatius: the Nustar project R. Grant Gilmore III, Menno L.P. Hoogland and C.L. Hofman
Archaeology on St. Eustatius: heritage management of an 18th-century slave village at Schotsenhoek plantation Ruud Stelten
Heritage Management on St. Eustatius: the Dutch West Indies headquarters project R. Grant Gilmore III and Louis A. Nelson
Mapping sites, mapping expectancies, mapping heritage: The archaeological maps of St. Eustatius, Saba and Sint Maarten Maaike S. de Waal, Jochem Lesparre, Jay B. Haviser, Menno L.P. Hoogland, Ryan Espersen and Ruud Stelten
Into the future for Archaeological Heritage Management in the Dutch Caribbean Corinne L. Hofman and Jay B. Haviser