From Revolutionary Theater to Reactionary Litanies

From Revolutionary Theater to Reactionary Litanies

Gustave Hervé (1871-1944) at the Extremes of the French Third Republic

eBook - 2016
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Gustave Herv#65533; (1871-1944) seemed to have traditional Breton roots and a typical republican education. As a young socialist journalist and professor, he gained notoriety following a 1901 article which appeared to plant the tricolor in a dung pile. When French socialists unified in 1905, the Herv#65533;istes were an influential minority. The antimilitarist movement called Herv#65533;ism gradually emerged as a quixotic crusade to unite revolutionaries against war and for socialism. Herv#65533; soon founded a weekly newspaper, La Guerre Sociale . Over the next six years, press campaigns, trials, prison, demonstrations, strikes, and conspiratorial organizations maintained Herv#65533;'s profile and sold newspapers. Ironically, Herv#65533; advertised conspiracies, which suggests revolutionary theater more than practical politics. Among Herv#65533;'s rivals, such theatrics often generated resentment. While Herv#65533;'s movement succeeded as a media experience, his leftist competitors became jealous and skeptical. As revolutionary theater Herv#65533;ism might have been entertaining, but the actors and some of the audience often confused revolutionary art with political reality. By 1911 the ingenuous Herv#65533; felt betrayed. His failure to unite revolutionaries began an evolution toward the nation and its traditional Catholic faith. Besides the international situation, one crucial determinant in Herv#65533;'s evolution toward French national socialism sympathetic to fascism involved ongoing rivalries within the French Left. Herv#65533;'s marginal interwar national socialist parties sought to employ patriotism and religion to solve French problems. By 1935 he attempted to draft P#65533;tain to lead an authoritarian republic. Gradually losing hope in P#65533;tain after the fall of France, the aging Herv#65533; put his faith in Christian socialism.
Publisher: New York, New York : Peter Lang, 2016.
Copyright Date: ©2016
ISBN: 9781453916902
Characteristics: 1 online resource (1,161 pages) : illustrations.
Additional Contributors: ebrary, Inc


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